Comparison of Adjectives
Adjectives change their form to show comparison. There three degrees of Comparison of Adjectives are Positive, Comparative and Superlative.
However, The simple form of the Adjectives is called the Positive degree. A positive adjectives is a normal adjectives that’s used to describe and not compare.
Moreover, It is used to show the existence of a quality. Thus, No comparison is made.
- This is a good soup.
- The apple is sweet.
- The horse is tall.
The Comparative degree is an adjective which is used to compare two things and is followed by the word ‘than’.
However, The comparative degree of the adjective denotes a higher degree of quality than the positive degree.
- Apples are usually sweeter than plums.
- The black horse is the taller than the others.
- I am funnier than her.
The Superlative degree is used to compare three or more things. Or to exclaim or state that something is the most.
The definite article the is usually used before adjectives in the superlative degree.
- Apples from Kinnaur are the sweetest I have eaten.
- The black horse is the tallest in the stable.
- I am funniest out of all the students.
Some of the common ways of forming the comparative and the superlative degrees are as follows-
- For most monosyllabic adjectives: Add er and est.
- Young- younger- youngest;
- sweet- sweeter- sweetest;
- For monosyllabic adjectives that have a short vowel sound and end with a single consonant. Double the final consonant and add er and est.
- Fat- fatter- fattest;
- red- redder-reddest;
- hot- hotter- hottest;
- For adjectives that have one or two syllables and end in-e: Add r and st.
- Blue- bluer- bluest;
- Large- larger- largest;
- Able- abler- ablest.
- For two- syllabled adjectives that end in y preceded by a consonant: replace y with ier and iest.
- Pretty- prettier- prettiest;
- Heavy- heavier- Heaviest;
- Easy- easier- easiest;
- For adjectives with two syllables that end in ful, less, ing, ed or ous: use more and most.
- Cheerful- more cheerful- most cheerful;
- Boring- more boring- most boring;
- Tired- more tired- most tired;
Hence, These are some of the examples of Adjective degrees.