Conjunction

Conjunctions are words that link other words, phrases, or clauses together. Conjunctions are considered to be invariable grammar particle, and they may or may not stand between items they conjoin.

In other words, Conjunction is a word that join words or sentences. Here, join means to connect two or more words or two or more sentences. Example:-

Lavina and Ravina are sisters.

Here, and is a connector between two words Lavina and Ravina (It is the example of joining two words)

Janvi is a good girl. Vini is a good girl.

Janvi and Vini are good girls.

Here, and is used to joining two sentences.

And, but, for, nor, or, so, and yet — are the seven coordinating conjunctions. To remember them, the acronym FANBOYS can be used.

  1.  F = for
  2.  A = and
  3.  N = nor
  4.  B = but
  5.  O = or
  6.  Y = yet
  7.  S = so

TYPES OF CONJUNCTIONS

There are three types of conjunctions.

  • Coordinating conjunctions
  • Subordinating conjunctions
  • Correlative conjunctions

1. Coordinating conjunctions:- Coordinating conjunction is to join two words, phrases, or independent clauses, which are parallel in structure. There are seven coordinating conjunctions which are by far the most common conjunctions:  and, but, for, nor, or, so, yet.

It joins the following:-

  • Word+Word
  • Phrase+Phrase
  • Clause+Clause

Examples:-

  • I’ve just eaten dinner so, I’m not hungry.
  • She needs to be home for her kids.
  • She is neither tall nor fat.
  • I want to go to bed, so I am brushing my teeth.

2. Subordinating conjunctions:– A subordinating conjunction is a word or phrase that links a dependent clause to an independent clause.

A subordinating conjunction is also called subordinator.

It joins the following:-

  • Main clause+Subordinate clause
  • Subordinate clause+Main clause

A main clause is a group of words having a subject and a verb. It can stand alone as a sentence because it can give complete meaning. But, A subordinate clause can’t stand alone as a sentence because it can’t give complete meaning. The subordinate clause is completely depend on main clause to give a specific meaning.The subordinate clause with subordinate conjunction.

Example:-

  • I need to finish the homework before the mother arrives from Market.
  • She inspires me always because she believes in me.
  • My mother believes that I should be a doctor.
  • I started cooking when I was eleven.

3. Correlative conjunctions:-Correlative conjunctions are paired words. Correlative conjunction is a phrase that joins together two other words, phrases, or clauses.

The common correlatives conjunctions are as follows:-

  • Either….or
  • Neither….nor
  • Whether….or
  • Both….and
  • Not only….but also

Examples:-

  • Both the red and the black dress are beautiful.
  • She is not only intelligent, but also very funny.
  • Either I drive to the airport or I get a taxi.
  • This book is neither interesting nor useful.
  • I don’t know whether he will come or not.