Singular and Plural Nouns Rules Words Examples

By | July 25, 2017

Definition: Singular means only one. Plural means more than one.

In order to make a noun plural, it is usually only necessary to add s. However, there are many irregular nouns that add es. The rules for spelling plural nouns are based on the letters at the end of the word. The chart below breaks up the rules into categories so that they are easier to remember.


Rule Examples
Most nouns Add s to form the plural. Dog   =>    dogs

Boat   =>     boats

House =>    houses




Nouns that end in s, sh, x, ch, or z Add es to form the plural. For words that end in z, add an extra z before the es.


It is too hard to pronounce the words without the e. Try it – wish, pitch, box… You sound like a snake!

Wish    =>     wishes

Pitch    =>      pitches

Box     =>      boxes

Crisis   =>       crises

Quiz    =>       quizzes

Nouns ending in f or fe



Some nouns ending in f or fe just add s. Sometimes it is necessary to change the f to a v. In that case, always end the word with es.


Leaf    =>        leaves

Hoof    =>        hooves

Half     =>        halves

Wolf    =>         wolves



Find out Singular and proper Noun from example for exercise

Singular Noun

  • The boy had a baseball in his hand.
  • You stole my idea and did not give me any credit.
  • Your mom is going to be upset about that broken lamp.
  • It’s not difficult to grow a tree as long as you give it plenty of water.
  • The cat never seems to tire of jumping in and out of the box.

Plural noun

  • Our horses are much happier wearing light weight English sadless.
  • You stole my ideas and did not give me any credit.
  • Our moms are going to be upset that we stayed out all night going to parties.
  • It’s not too difficult to grow trees as long as you provide them with plenty of water.
  • I can’t believe you allow your dogs to climb all over the seats while you are driving.

In this lesson you will learn the rest of the rules for spelling plural nouns.


  Rule Examples
Nouns that end in vowel + y  Add s to form the plural.  Key     =>       keysJersey  =>       jerseys
Nouns that end in vowel + o  Add s to form the plural.  Video     =>        VideosZoo        =>         zoos
Nouns that end in consonant + y  Change the y to i and add es to form the plural.  Jelly      =>        JelliesStory     =>         stories
Nouns that end in consonant + o  Easy rule:
Usually add es except for musical terms.Complicated rule:
Some nouns that end in consonant + oadd es. Many can be spelled either way. Look in the dictionary if you want to be sure.These nouns always add es: potato, tomato, hero, echo, banjo, embargo, veto, torpedo.

·        Here are the preferred spellings of some plural nouns: buffaloes, dominoes, mosquitoes, volcanoes, tornadoes, ghettos, mangos, mottos, cargos, halos, mementos.


Regular Examples-Tomato   =>    tomatoes

Hero       =>     heroes

Potato     =>    potatoes

Tornado  =>   tornadoes

Find out singular and plural noun from some examples for exercise

  • I helped my dad wash the car this morning.
  • There were two boats on the lack at sunset.
  • I found seven eggs in the chicken coop.
  • I checked out some books from the library.
  • There were two cats playing in the yard last night.
  • There are few buses on the road today.
  • I put two big potatoes in the lunch box.
  • I saw a mouse running by
  • A few men wear watches.
  • Babies play with bottles as toys.

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