Preposition

A preposition is a word. Its show direction and time and location or introduce an object. Preposition is followed by many objects as like noun, pronoun. A preposition may appear at the end of a clause or sentence. but only when its object comes earlier.

A preposition is a word which is to link the nouns, pronouns or phrases to other words within a sentence. Here link means to provide relationship between noun and other words in any sentence that makes the sentence complete (these other words may be noun, verb or adjective).

They act to connect the people, objects, time and locations of a sentence Prepositions are usually short words, and they are normally placed directly in front of nouns. In some cases, you’ll find prepositions in front of gerund verbs. Example:-

The dog is sitting near the car.

Here, near(preposition) is used to link the car which is a noun and sitting placement of the dog. If we do not use the near and write the same it is like:- The dog is sitting the car. We are not able to get what is the relationship between the sitting of the dog and the car. By using, near we are confirmed that the dog is sitting near the car. Hence, near is a preposition here.

Some more examples of preposition:-

  • There is some milk in the fridge.
  • He sat on the chair.
  • The car went through the tunnel.
  • I walked down the streets.
  • I prefer to read in he library.
  • He swam across the pool.
  • Take your sister with you.

TYPES OF PREPOSITION

There are three types of prepositions, including time prepositions, place prepositions, and direction prepositions.

  • Preposition of time
  • Preposition of place
  • Preposition of movement

1.Preposition of time:- The preposition which describes when an event happened are defined as Preposition of time. On, at, in, from, to, for, since, ago, before, till/until, by, etc. are the most common preposition of time. Example:-

  • He started sleeping at 9 PM.
  • The company called meeting on 13 March.
  • There is a meeting on Saturday.
  • She has been ill since Wednesday.

Preposition of Time usage

It show the relationship of time between the nouns to the other parts of a sentence.

Common preposition of time: On, at, in, from, to, for, since, ago, before, till/until, by, etc. are the most common.

At

At always indicates an exact and specific time.

Example:

  • I started sleeping at 11 PM.
  • The meeting starts at 9 AM.
  • The mall opens at 11 AM.

Note: Exceptions are that we say – at the weekend, at night, at Christmas, at Easter, at the moment, etc.

On

On generally indicates a fixed date or a day.

Example:

  • I’ll see him on Monday.
  • She broke a glass on Sunday evening.
  • She has a meeting on 11 March. 

In

In generally indicates an indefinite and unspecific time of months, seasons, years, centuries, etc.

Example:

  • I will get a new mobile phone in February.
  • She was born in 1999.
  • I love watching TV in night

Note: Some very common exceptions are – in the morning, in the evening, in the afternoon, in five minutes, in six days, in two years, etc.

From – To

From….to  indicates a fixed time-span with the beginning and the end.

Example:

  • I worked there from 10 AM to 6PM.
  • I usually sleep from 10 PM to 6 AM.
  • I will stay there from 10 AM to 6 PM.

Until/Till

Until/till indicates a specific or unspecific time/event up to a point.

Example:

  • He will not return until Monday.  
  • Stop for me until I came back
  • He does not give up until he is succeeded.
  • I will be stayed there until March.

Since

Since indicates a time-span beginning in a time in the past and still continuing in the present (now).

Example:

  • Raghav has been in the flat since night.
  • She has been reading from book since morning.
  • Ram and Shyam have been enemies since childhood.

For

For indicates a period of time (amount of time) in the past, present or future.

Example:

  • She stayed there for fifteen days.
  • He will be staying there for two years.
  • They will work with them for two days.
  • She was staying there for a long time.

Before

Before indicates a prior event/ period of time from a point. 

Example:

  • Nandini was very happy before the marriage.
  • He want to leave before the dinner.
  • Children should not get out before the tea break.
  • Before going, close all the door.

After

After indicates a following event/period of time from a point. This preposition is the exact opposite of before.

Example:

  • She felt unhappy after the defeat.
  • I want to leave after dinner.
  • After playing football, we went home.

During

During indicates a period of time throughout the course or duration of any event or action.

Example:

  • Shanaya was sleeping during the study.
  • He don’t talk during working.
  • Taniya doesn’t usually eat during sleeping time.

By

By means ‘within the extent or period of; during’ something.

Example:

  • He will not complete the project by Monday.
  • She will return by 2 PM.
  • They will submit the assignment by 6 PM.

2.Preposition of place:- The preposition that describes where anything is in context to other are defined as preposition of place.Example:-

  • He is at home.
  • He came from England.

Preposition of place usage

In

In indicates something to be present in a place or enclosure. It does not say particularly where but gives an enclosure to the noun it connects with.

Example:

  • Dheeraj works in that mall.
  • She lives in Mumbai.
  • Your Dress is in the Wardrobe. (Does not indicate an exact place)
  • The dogs are in the kennel.

AT

At indicates an exact place.

Example:

  • They are at the terrace.
  • We can meet at the crossroads.
  • She is at home.
  • We will meet at the airport.

On

On indicates a position above but touching the object.

Example:

  • The sculpture hangs on the wall
  • She is on the tenth floor.
  • The images are on the page.
  • The cat is on the table.

Above

Above indicates a much higher position than the preposition on does. It also indicates something out of reach.

Example:

  • Hold your hands above your head.
  • Stars are above the sky.
  • There’s a mirror above the sink.
  • She waved the letter excitedly above his head.
  • He’s rented a room above a shop.

Over

Over means a position between on and above which is not touching.

Example:

  • What are you doing over here?
  • He is famous all over the world.
  • My House is over that mall.
  • You see it all over the Internet.

Under

Under is the opposite of on and means ‘below the surface of’ something.

Example:

  • He was sleeping under the tree.
  • I had everything under control.
  • I work better under pressure.
  • I hid under the table.
  • She’s still under age.

Below

Below indicates something at a slightly lower position than what under indicates.

Example:

  • I have a scar just below my right eye.
  • Your work is below average.
  • Please, don’t write below this line.
  • It’s six degrees below zero.
  • Their price is below ours.

3.Preposition of movement:- Preposition of movement are those to understand as they are less abstract than prepositions of place and time. They describe how something or someone moves from one place to another.

Preparation of movement

To

To indicates a motion in the direction of a place.

Example:

  • Theye went to college.
  • She has gone on vacation to France.
  • He walked from the farm to the beach.
  • They will go to bed when they are tired.
  • They will go to the zoo if they finish their errands.

Through

Through indicates a motion in the middle of something.

Example:

  • They drove through the tunnel.
  • We came through a forest.
  • She came through a wedding gate.
  • He led his armies through many countries.

Across

Across means going to the other side of a river or road or something straight.

Example:

  • She went across the river.
  • I walked across the road.
  • She was sitting at a table across and down from them.
  • I couldn’t get my idea across to the class.

Up

Up means a motion towards a higher place or position.

Example:

  • He picked up his coffee.
  • She stared up at him.
  • What’s going on up there?
  • Climb up the tree.
  • She didn’t look up.

Into

Into indicates a motion towards/going inside something. It has many uses.

Example:

  • Go into the lab.
  • The police broke into the bar.
  • She walked into the garden.
  • The little fellow ran into the street.

Down

Down indicates the opposite meaning of up. It means a motion towards a lower place or position.

Example:

  • He bent down and picked up a rock.
  • They sat down at the table.
  • Go down the stairs.
  • She sat down on the bed

From

From indicates the point of place at which a motion, journey, or action starts.

Example:

  • Get away from here.
  • They walked from the beach to the farm.
  • Keep away from me.
  • He leaped from his horse.
  • I am from Brazil.