Future perfect tense | Definition | Structure | Formula | Examples

In English grammar, we have many terms to indicate future. And one of them is Future perfect tense. It is a type of Future tense.

What is future perfect tense?

Future perfect tense is a verb form which indicates an action or event that is expected or planned to happen before a time of reference in the future. It reflects that an action will have been completed at some point in the future. It gives a sense of completion.

Moreover, The construction of future perfect tense consists of  Auxiliary verbs(will or shall) to mark the future.

Form of the sentence

The form of Future perfect tense is composed of two elements, that is, the simple future of the verb “to have” (will have) + the past participle of the main verb.

For example: She will have finished.

Structure of the sentence

Main verb: Past participle(3rd form of the verb).

Auxiliary verb: Will have.

Positive sentences

  • Subject+ Auxiliary verb+ Main verb+ Object.
  • Subject+ will have+ Past participle(3rd form of the verb)+ Object.

For example:

  • She will have started a new job.
  • Teacher will have taken the test.
  • The kids will have played cricket in the school.
  • I will have taken my dinner.

Negative sentences

  • Subject+ Auxiliary verb+ Main verb+ Object.
  • Subject+ WILL NOT have+ past participle+ Object.

For example:

  • He will have not come here.
  • They will have not seen us.
  • She will have not reached her home.
  • The kids will have not eaten their food.

Interrogative sentences

Will+ Subject+ Have+ Past participle+ Object.

For example:

  • Will he have helped his siblings?
  • Will she have started her journey?
  • Would they have constructed a new house?
  • Will she have decided her decision?

However, they are some of the examples of future perfect tense. You can use the above mentioned formulas while framing sentences for future perfect tense.

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