Present perfect continuous tense | Definition | Uses | Structure | Examples

Present tense has four types among which Present perfect tense is described below.

What is Present Perfect Tense?

The present perfect tense is expressed when an action or event begins in past and continues in present or has recently stopped. It states an ongoing action that started at some point in the past.

It refers to an unspecified time between ‘before now’ and ‘now’. The process may still be going on, or may have just finished.

‘Since’ and ‘for’ are the words used in sentences to show the time of action. Since is the word used for exact starting time. For is used to express the amount of time.

Uses of Present perfect tense

  • It is used for actions that started in the past and continue in the present. For example: She has been waiting for you all day, They have been travelling since January.
  • Present perfect tense is used when the actions have just finished. But we are interested in the results. For example:  It’s been raining, She has been sleeping since last night.

Structure of sentence

Main verb: Present participle(Base form+ ing)
Auxiliary verb: has been, have been, etc.

Positive sentences

They include Subject+ auxiliary verb+ main verb + time reference.

For example:

  • He has been living in Australia since 1999.
  • She has been listening to music from last two hours.
  • He has been playing cricket from last two hours.
  • She has been sleeping for five hours.

Negative sentences

They include Subject+ Auxiliary verb+ main verb+ time-reference.

For example:

  • She has not been studying her books for five days.
  • I have not been sleeping for three days.
  • I have not been meeting him since a month.
  • Kids have not playing games for three hours.

Examples of Present perfect continuous tense

  • He has been waiting for you all day.
  • Someone’s been eating my chocolates.
  • It’s been raining.
  • Has he been using her car for three years?

Hence, these are some of the examples of Present perfect continuous tense.

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