Simple past tense | Meaning | Uses of Simple past tense | Positive and negative sentences | Structure | Examples

Tenses consist of present, past and future tense. Among which past tense is considered for things which has already happened in the past. One of the type of past tense is simple past tense.

What is Simple past tense?

Simple past tense is called preterite. This term is used for completed actions. Or the action and events that has already taken place in the past. It is the basic form of past tense in English Grammar.

The time of the action can be in recent past or distant past as the action duration is not considered important in this.

Uses of Simple past tense

Simple past tense can be used in following ways:

  • You can use it when an action occurred just a little while ago. For example: I ate an mango.
  • It can be used for an action that occurred on regular basis in past. For example: He worked in a shop.

We use it sentences to associate with certain past time experiences. For example: I often bought my lunch to collage.

Structure of the sentence

Main verb: Past simple form (2nd form of the form).

Auxiliary verb: Did.

Positive sentences

Subject+ main verb+ Object.

Subject+ Past simple form (2nd form of the verb) + object

For example:

  • I bought a mobile.
  • She met me in the park.
  • She laughed to see the circus.
  • He applied for an exam.

Negative sentences

Subject+ Auxiliary verb + NOT + main verb + Object.

Subject+ Did + NOT + Base form(1st form of verb) + Object.

For example:

  • He did not buy a scooter.
  • Riya did not help me.
  • He did not find any home.
  • She did not come here.

Some examples of simple past tense are:

  • Rishabh sailed to Europe in 1999.
  • My friend died last year.
  • He lived in Australia in 1980.
  • We crossed the bridge yesterday.

Moreover, here some of the examples of simple past tense are mentioned which will help you in framing sentences.

Simple Past Tense chart, sentence, examples, rules, formula, worksheet find here.

Simple Past Tense chart, sentence, examples, rules, formula, worksheet find here.

Simple past tense: Simple past tense refers to the activity or action which had happened before or exist in past.

For example: 1. I saw a movie yesterday.
2. I didn’t see a play yesterday.
3. Last year, I traveled to Japan.

Simple Past Tense Affirmative

Subject + VII + object ( H.V (Did) is not used)

Example:

  1. Ram went to school.
  2. They played football
  3. You wrote a letter
  4. He drank milk

Simple Past Tense Negative

Subject + (did) not + VI + object
(VI is always used with ‘did’)

Example:

  1. Ram did not go to school.
  2. They did not play football
  3. You did nt write a letter
  4. He did not drink milk

Simple Past Tense Interrogative

Did + subject + VI + object?

Example:

  1. Did ram go to school?
  2. Did they play football?
  3. Did you write a letter?
  4. Did he drink milk?

Simple Past Tense Negative Interrogative

Did + subject + not + VI + object?

  1. Did ram not go to school?
  2. Did they not play football?
  3. Did you not write a letter?
  4. Did he not drink milk?

Simple Past Tense Interrogative with “Who -word”

“who-word” + did + subject + VI+ object?

Example:

  1. When did ram go to school?
  2. What did they play football?
  3. What did you write a letter?
  4. What did he drink milk?

Note: In “who-word” interrogative sentences “who-word” comes first then we put H.V “did” .

But if the “who-word” is “who” then direct main verb is used (only in affirmative)

Example:

  1. Where did you learn English?
  2. Who taught you English?
  3. Who did not play cricket?

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